Although fentanyl is considered safe and effective when used and monitored in a medical setting, it carries a high abuse potential.
Fentanyl analogs – designer drugs nearly identical to the original – can be manufactured and mixed with or substituted for heroin. Because fentanyl and its analogs are incredibly potent, accidental overdoses and deaths are increasingly common.
Fentanyl is sometimes mixed with heroin. Because it is much more potent than heroin, there is a hugely increased risk of overdose and death.
In this article, we will discuss the medical uses of fentanyl and its side effects. We will also cover abuse of fentanyl, addiction, and overdoses.
Fentanyl binds to the body’s opioid receptors, increasing dopamine levels in the central nervous system.
The increase in dopamine produces a state of relaxation, relieves pain, decreases the perception of suffering, and promotes a feeling of well-being (euphoria).
A schedule 2 prescription narcotic analgesic, fentanyl is roughly 100 times more potent than morphine.
It is used to manage pain during surgery; it is also used to treat moderate-to-severe chronic pain syndromes in people who are already physically tolerant to opiates.